The problem in the config volumeFactor value
CfgSoundSets → Explosion_Debris_SoundSet → volumeFactor → "0.9 * (1 - sea)"
Due to this parameter, the sounds of вebris after the explosion never worked in the game
But note that with the release of the DLC Laws of War, new debris sounds for other types of explosions have been added, check they config:
CfgSoundSets → UXO_Debris_SoundSet → volumeFactor → 1
I changed this setting for Explosion_Debris_SoundSet to equal to UXO_Debris_SoundSet and now sounds from Explosion_Debris_SoundSet work!
Check this YT video https://youtu.be/nALgyA952nM